- Knowledge. Science is the intellectual act by which humans generate and organize knowledge per se. Knowledge generation makes sense by itself, and does not need a justification or an external context for its development.
- Reason. Science is based on reasoning, a natural outcome of the functioning of human mind and, as such, a genuine human attribute and an unavoidable necessity. Rather than merely the consequence of human curiosity, as is often considered, science is also a manifestation of the inevitable human need and passion for knowledge.
- Freedom. Scientists should be free to plan and develop their own research (free science). Scientific research should not be guided by, or at the service of, more or less immediate medical, political, technological, economic or industrial needs (slave science).
- Universality. As a reason-based feature, science is universal and its language is common to all human beings; any knowledge generated by reasoning can be transmitted and understood by everyone without the need for alien constraints.
- Empiricism. Science is based on observation and experimentation, hence, the raw input is exclusively factual. The ultimate aim of science is to understand the world, from the more intimate nature of matter to the origin and evolution of Life and the Universe, and to predict its potential future evolution.
- Updating. A fundamental condition of science is its dynamic nature, based on the constant revision and re-evaluation of the existing knowledge. Every scientific theory is always under scrutiny and can be questioned when new evidence seems to challenge its validity. This dynamic nature guarantees the validity of scientific knowledge.
- External forces. Science is not an ideological, philosophical, social, political, economic, moral or religious movement, sect, system or tendency (the external forces), and must remain independent from any of them. Any attempt to transform science into one more of these external forces is incompatible with the principle of independence.
- Science and religion. Any dispute between science and any religion or other faith-based systems is non-sense and sterile by definition, as they try to explain the world using incompatible axioms and knowledge methods, and have contrasting ultimate objectives. As human beings, scientists may have or have not religious beliefs; however, these beliefs should not interfere in the job as science practitioners.
- Social impact. Scientific knowledge has profound impact on humanity and, therefore, involves a great deal of societal responsibility. Rather than being merely an advisory entity, science should participate in human decisions with the same status and executive power than political, economic and other forces, especially when global topics are discussed.
- Reward and funding. Science should not be competitive (in the capitalistic sense) or an instrument to attain personal or institutional success in the form of rewards (power, notoriety, popularity, money, prizes, etc.). As a fundamental human need, funding for science should proceed from society, via public investment, and should be administered by scientific organisms, without the influence of external forces.
- Demystification. Science and scientists should be demystified. Scientists are neither geniuses, savants nor any other type of superior beings by definition, but professionals of science. Scientific performance should be part of quotidian life. Scientific advances should be part of the current cultural background of every citizen in the world and scientists should be directly and actively involved in achieving such goal.
- Education. Science is fundamental for education. Formal education would not be possible without the constant improvement of science and scientific knowledge within in a freedom-based research system.
- Popularisation. The results of scientific research should be transferred and explained to society in a clear and objective manner. Transfer should be preferably straightforward, without any intermediaries, which are usually poorly informed or submitted to external constraints or biases (e.g. mass media). The ultimate objective of popular science is not to downgrade scientific performance to make it understandable for any citizen in the world, but to increase the cultural level of all these citizens to allow them understanding science as is.
- Applications. Science provides the knowledge for biological, medical and technological discoveries and improvements, oriented to human health and wellbeing but these are not the only societal objectives of scientific research. Knowledge generation and appropriate transfer should also contribute to increase individual and collective freedom and free will. A society of formed and informed citizens is less prone to manipulation.
- Basic vs applied. The distinction between basic and applied science is unnecessary. Every result from scientific research is, sooner or later, applicable for the benefit of society. Those applications considered harmful for society derive from the influence of external forces and/or personal interests.
- Ethics. Science should have one single universally accepted ethical code, a code that meets the conditions of universality and independence, without any political, cultural, religious or ideological bias.
Dowload the SciFor 2.0 booklet containing the manifesto