• Senior Researcher of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), working at the Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera (ICTJA), Barcelona. Founder and head of the Laboratory of Paleoecology.
  • Editor-in-Chief of Quaternary and  Associate Editor of Frontiers in Earth Science, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution and Frontiers in Plant Science.
  • Ecologist, working on plant paleoecology and its ecological, biogeographical and evolutionary implications, from Late Cretaceous to present, with emphasis on the Quaternary.

Research interests

  • Past biotic responses to environmental change at different organization levels, from organisms to biomes. Example 1
  • Role of natural and anthropogenic factors as drivers of ecological change. Example 2
  • Paleoecological evidence and long-term ecology – the time-continuum approach. Example 3
  • Quaternary paleoecology as the missing link between ecology and evolution. Example 3a
  • Role of tectonics, paleogeography and climate change on the origin of biodiversity ans its global geographical patterns. Example 4
  • Early human settlement of remote oceanic islands and ensuing ecological and cultural shifts. Example 5
  • Holistic conceptual methods for the study of past complex environmental-human-ecological interactive systems. Example 6
  • Scientific foundations of the ‘Anthropocene’ as a new geological epoch. Example 7
  • Biostratigraphic and ecostratigraphic methods in Cenozoic stratigraphy and paleoecology. Example 8
  • Cenozoic evolution and biotic turnover across characteristic geological boundaries. Example 9
  • Evolution, paleogeography and paleoecology of tropical mangroves. Example 10
  • Biostratigraphy and ecostratigraphy in the exploration and exploitation of non-renewable natural resources. Example 11
  • High-impact bio-ecostratigraphic methods in oil and gas exploration. Example 12
  • Relevance of past ecological and evolutionary knowledge for biodiversity conservation. Example 13
  • Science and society issues, with emphasis on the free nature of scientific research and its potential applications. Example 14

Study areas

  • Northern tropical Andes (South America). High-altitude (up to 4200 m) lake sediments and peat bogs. Last Glacial-Holocene. Example 15
  • Orinoco Llanos and Delta (South America). Inland savanna lakes, coastal lagoons and mangrove sediments. Holocene. Example 16
  • Guayana Region (South America). Gran Sabana midlands and Tepuian highlands lakes and bogs. Lateglacial-Holocene. Example 17
  • Maracaibo Basin (South America). Subsurface Late Cretaceous to Pliocene sedimentary rocks. Example 18
  • Easter Island (Pacific Ocean). Lowland and upland lake/bog sediments. Last Glacial-Holocene. Example 19
  • Azores Islands (Atlantic Ocean). Lowland and upland lake/bog sediments. Holocene. Example 20
  • Pyrenees and pre-Pyrenees (Europe). Lower montane and highland lake sediments and peat bogs. Lateglacial-Holocene. Example 21